From the outset, enrolling young and healthy adults in health insurance coverage was considered critical to the success of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Anticipating the enrollment challenges and recognizing the importance of successfully meeting them, many of the groups involved with ACA implementation include a special emphasis on the young uninsured in their work.
In the United States, more than three million children are in the primary care of a grandparent. More than one-half (55 percent) of these grandparents have been the primary caretaker for three years or more, and they face a number of economic, legal, and health challenges.
Heart disease, cancer, and chronic lower respiratory diseases are the leading causes of death in the U.S., and led to more than 1.3 million deaths in 2010. Researchers are increasingly turning their attention to young children and early traumatic stressors to further understand the pathway leading to these diseases and their associated risk factors.
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) reached a key milestone in October 2013 with the launch of new health insurance marketplaces, also known as exchanges. The recently birthed marketplaces rely on coordination across a range of actors to implement a complex and interrelated set of functions, helping people assess their coverage options, determine their eligibility for public programs and subsidies, and enroll in plans.
Concerns about school violence have heightened awareness of how schools maintain a safe and productive learning environment. Public discourse surrounding school safety has largely focused on security; yet school discipline policies have short- and long-term consequences for students and the school community.
Through both government and philanthropic funding, notable strides have been made in tackling teen pregnancy and birth rates across communities in the United States.
By the time the Affordable Care Act is fully implemented in 2019, government analysts estimate that about 89 percent of the nonelderly U.S. population will be covered by health insurance. An estimated 11 percent of the nonelderly population, more than 30 million people nationwide, will remain uninsured.
Shorter lives and poorer health: this was the striking conclusion of leading public health experts convened by the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine when examining the research evidence on how health and life expectancy in the United States compares to that of other high-income democracies around the world.